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Tyre Care

The manner in which a car is driven can lead to excessive tyre wear and possible damage. For example, not adjusting the tyre pressures when the car, or van, is fully laden or when driven at high speeds can cause problems. The following additional advice will help to ensure you get maximum mileage:

  • When undertaking long journeys, especially at speed on motorways, examine the tyres both before and during the journey (but do not check pressures while the tyres are warm).
  • Avoid harsh braking, fierce acceleration and fast cornering (the steering wheel of cars with power-steering should not be turned while they are stationary).
  • Avoid driving over or scrubbing against kerb edgings or other raised obstructions.
  • If it is absolutely necessary to drive over rough, uneven, unmade ground or over ground littered with debris, check the tyres soon afterwards to ensure that no foreign objects have become trapped in the tread patterns and examine the sidewalls for cuts or bulges.

How to Avoid Tyre Problems
There are many individual causes of tyre wear, however, there are two main areas which cause most problems. These are under-inflation and overloading in combination with excessive speed.

Surveys by tyre industry bodies show that at least 25% of all tyres examined are under-inflated by more than 10%. Neglect of inflation pressures is one of the principal causes of rapid wear, uneven tread wear and premature tyre failure. It should also be stressed that over-inflation may result in inferior vehicle handling, excessive tyre wear and premature tyre failure.

Loading cars, light vans and lightweight trailers above what they are designed to carry is illegal. It is also likely to put excessive strain on the tyres resulting in greater than normal deflation and overheating which, in turn, leads to more rapid wear, greater susceptibility to impact damage and the danger of premature failure. Owners should check their vehicle handbook which will provide increased inflation pressures for full load conditions.

Travelling for long distances on motorways at sustained high speeds and generally exceeding statutory speed limits puts strenuous demands on tyres especially in terms of heat generation. Tyres in good condition and correct inflation levels are designed to withstand the heat build-up at their maximum rated speeds. However, if the inflation pressure is significantly below those recommended then excessive heat will be generated and in consequence wear will be accelerated and deflection will be greater with the risk of premature, and sometimes catastrophic failure. ie a tyre blow out!

Correct and regular care and maintenance of tyres - and don't target the spare - will re-pay motorists with greater safety, longer life and ultimately savings in cost. Should a motorist require any help or advice, they should consult a reputable tyre dealer who will normally offer advice free of charge.

The Tyre Industry Council is the UK's principal tyre safety organisation supported by major tyre companies, retreaders and retailers.


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